Keloids are raised, scar-like growths that develop on the skin after an injury or surgery. They are caused by an overgrowth of scar tissue and can occur anywhere on the body, but are more common on the chest, shoulders, and upper back. Keloids are more common in people with dark skin and in those who are prone to scarring.
Keloids can be unsightly and may be itchy or painful. They may also interfere with movement if they develop in a joint or on a limb.
There are several treatment options for keloids, including:
1. Steroid injections: Corticosteroid injections can help to reduce inflammation and shrink the size of the keloid.
2. Laser therapy: Laser therapy can help to reduce the appearance of keloids and improve skin texture.
3. Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy, or freezing the keloid with liquid nitrogen, can help to shrink the size of the keloid.
4. Surgical removal: In some cases, surgical removal of the keloid may be necessary. This is often followed by treatment with corticosteroid injections or laser therapy to prevent the keloid from returning.
It is important to speak with a healthcare provider if you are concerned about keloids, as they can indicate the presence of a more serious underlying condition. With proper treatment, it is possible to effectively manage and prevent keloids.